Views:1 Author:Site Editor Publish Time: 2021-06-04 Origin:Site
Infrared laser and ultraviolet laser have been widely used in the field of micropores. The difference in processing mode between the two makes the UV laser make up for the limitations of infrared laser very well.
Infrared and ultraviolet laser applications
Infrared laser and ultraviolet laser have been widely used in the industry of micro-pores. There are two main ways of formation:
1, infrared laser: the material surface of the material to heat and make it vaporize (evaporation), to remove the material, this way is usually called thermal processing. YAG laser (wavelength 1.06μm) is used mainly.
2, UV laser: high energy UV photons directly destroy the molecular bonds on the surface of many non-metallic materials, so that molecules from the object, this way will not produce high heat, so it is called cold processing, mainly using UV laser (wavelength of 355nm).
The complement of infrared laser and ultraviolet laser
Infrared YAG laser (wavelength 1.06 μm) is the most widely used laser source in material processing. However, many plastics and a large number of specialized polymers, such as polyimides, which are used as the base material of flexible circuit boards cannot be refined by infrared or "hot" processing. Because the "heat" deforms the plastic and causes charred damage at the edges of the cutting or drilling, it may lead to structural weakening and parasitic conductive pathways, requiring some subsequent processing procedures to improve the quality of the process. Therefore, infrared lasers are not suitable for processing some flexible circuits. In addition, even at high energy density, the wavelength of the infrared laser is not absorbed by copper, which further severely limits its use.
However, the output wavelength of the UV laser is below 0.4μm, which is the main advantage of processing polymer materials. Unlike infrared processing, UV microprocessing is not heat treatment per se, and most materials absorb ultraviolet light more easily than infrared light. High energy ultraviolet photons directly break molecular bonds on the surfaces of many nonmetallic materials, resulting in smooth edges and minimal carbonization using this "cold" photoetching technique. Moreover, the characteristics of ultraviolet short wavelength itself have advantages for mechanical microprocessing of metals and polymers. It can be focused to points on the order of submicron, so it can be used for the processing of fine components, even at low pulse energy levels, with very high energy density, efficient processing of materials.